Geoelectric Method Implementation in Measuring Area Groundwater Potential: A Case Study in Barru Regency
Geoelectric measurements to detect the presence of groundwater aquifers in the study area by knowing the type of lithology, distribution, thickness, and depth of rock layers carrying groundwater (aquifer), both vertically and laterally. The research objective is to determine the location for drilling, if later in the study area, the groundwater potential maximally utilized. In this study, the linear symmetry electrode arrangement, the Schlumberger configuration method, is used. Data collection in the field done by using a resistivity meter. The number of geoelectric points is 12 measurement points, but in the article, four geoelectric points will be discussed that can represent all the geoelectric points that contain high aquifers. The results obtained from the geoelectric measurements carried out show a shallow groundwater layer at a depth of 5.0 - 15.0 meters with an aquifer layer in the form of sandy clay (lateral weathering). Freshwater in freshwater at a depth of 25 - 150 meters following the geoelectric point of estimation with layers of sandstone aquifer and tuffaceous clay. Shallow groundwater is fresh with small productivity can be anointed with dug wells at a depth of 5 - 15 meters potential at all geoelectric points with a discharge of 1 liter/second. Then deep groundwater is of average productivity with a well drilled at a depth of 25 – 150 meters, potentially at a specific geoelectric point with a discharge of 1 – 5 liters/second.
L. Fewtrell and J. Bartram, Water quality: guidelines, standards & health. IWA publishing, 2001.
D. K. Todd, Ground water hydrology. John Wiley and Sons, Inc, New York, 1959.
C. A. J. Appelo and D. Postma, Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution. CRC press, 2004.
J. W. Delleur, “History of Groundwater Hydrology,” in The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering, Second Edition, CRC Press, 2006, pp. 23–62.
J. Bear, Hydraulics of groundwater. Courier Corporation, 2012.
J. J. de Vries, “History of groundwater hydrology,” in The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering, Third Edition, CRC Press, 2016, pp. 21–48.
A. M. M. Elfeki, “Transient groundwater flow in heterogeneous geological formations,” Mansoura Eng J, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. c58–c67, 2003.
M. de M. M. Nobre, An investigation of the impact of uncertainties in geological formations on groundwater flow. University of Waterloo, 1993.
I. I. Rokityansky, Geoelectromagnetic investigation of the earth’s crust and mantle. Springer Science & Business Media, 2012.
R. K. Frohlich and D. W. Urish, “The use of geoelectrics and test wells for the assessment of groundwater quality of a coastal industrial site,” J. Appl. Geophys., vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 261–278, 2002.
P. Bhattacharya, Direct current geoelectric sounding: Principles and interpretation. Elsevier, 2012.
R. E. Sheriff, Encyclopedic dictionary of applied geophysics. Society of exploration geophysicists, 2002.
J. C. Egbai, “Vertical electrical sounding for the determination of aquifer transmissivity,” Aust. J. basic Appl. Sci., vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 1209–1214, 2011.
W. M. Telford, L. P. Geldart, and R. E. Sheriff, “Applied Geophysics.” Cambridge University Press, New York, 2018.
A.-M. O. Mohamed, Principles and applications of time domain electrometry in geoenvironmental engineering, vol. 5. CRC Press, 2006.
S. Srinivasa Gowd, “Electrical resistivity surveys to delineate groundwater potential aquifers in Peddavanka watershed, Anantapur District, Andhra Pradesh, India,” Environ. Geol., vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 118–131, 2004.
P. Sikandar, A. Bakhsh, M. Arshad, and T. Rana, “The use of vertical electrical sounding resistivity method for the location of low salinity groundwater for irrigation in Chaj and Rachna Doabs,” Environ. Earth Sci., vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 1113–1129, 2010.
G. J. Houben, L. Stoeckl, K. E. Mariner, and A. S. Choudhury, “The influence of heterogeneity on coastal groundwater flow-physical and numerical modeling of fringing reefs, dykes and structured conductivity fields,” Adv. Water Resour., vol. 113, pp. 155–166, 2018.
N. Kazakis, G. Vargemezis, and K. S. Voudouris, “Estimation of hydraulic parameters in a complex porous aquifer system using geoelectrical methods,” Sci. Total Environ., vol. 550, pp. 742–750, 2016.
J. Ibuot, G. Akpabio, and N. George, “A survey of the repository of groundwater potential and distribution using geoelectrical resistivity method in Itu Local Government Area (LGA), Akwa Ibom State, southern Nigeria,” Open Geosci., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 538–547, 2013.
P. Sikandar and E. W. Christen, “Geoelectrical sounding for the estimation of hydraulic conductivity of alluvial aquifers,” Water Resour. Manag., vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 1201–1215, 2012.
S. Niwas, B. Tezkan, and M. Israil, “Aquifer hydraulic conductivity estimation from surface geoelectrical measurements for Krauthausen test site, Germany,” Hydrogeol. J., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 307–315, 2011.
C. Chukwudi, “Geoelectrical studies for estimating aquifer hydraulic properties in Enugu State, Nigeria,” Int. J. Phys. Sci, vol. 6, pp. 3319–3329, 2011.
Kosinski, Walter K. and Kelli, William E., “Geoelectric Soundings for Predicting Aquifer Properties,” Ground Water, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 163–171, 1981.
G. El-Qady, “Exploration of a geothermal reservoir using geoelectrical resistivity inversion: Case study at Hammam Mousa, Sinai, Egypt,” J. Geophys. Eng., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 114–121, 2006.
L. Bin et al., “Comprehensive surface geophysical investigation of karst caves ahead of the tunnel face: A case study in the Xiaoheyan section of the Water Supply Project from Songhua River, Jilin, China,” J. Appl. Geophys., 2017.
F. Šumanovac and M. Weisser, “Evaluation of resistivity and seismic methods for hydrogeological mapping in karst terrains,” J. Appl. Geophys., vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 13–28, 2001.
B. Tezkan, M. Israil, D. C. Singhal, and J. Rai, “Geoelectrical mapping of aquifer contamination: a case study from Roorkee, India,” Near Surf. Geophys., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 33–42, 2010.
O. M. Alile, D. O. Ojuh, A. Iyoha, and J. C. Egereonu, “Geoelectrical investigation and hydrochemical analysis of groundwater in a waste dump environment, Isolo, Lagos,” African J. Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 795–806, 2011.
T. Dahlin, C. Bernstone, and M. H. Loke, “Case History A 3-D resistivity investigation of a contaminated site at Lernacken , Sweden,” Geophysics, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 1692–1700, 2002.
M. Goldman and F. M. Neubauer, “Groundwater exploration using integrated geophysical techniques,” Surv. Geophys., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 331–361, 1994.
J. D. McNeill, “Use of electromagnetic methods for groundwater studies,” Geotech. Environ. Geophys., vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 191–218, 1990.
H. Bouwer, “Artificial recharge of groundwater: hydrogeology and engineering,” Hydrogeol. J., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 121–142, 2002.
M. Kasenow, Applied ground-water hydrology and well hydraulics. Water Resources Publication, 2001.
M. Sophocleous, “Interactions between groundwater and surface water: the state of the science,” Hydrogeol. J., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 52–67, 2002.
R. A. Bisson and J. H. Lehr, Modern groundwater exploration: discovering new water resources in consolidated rocks using innovative hydrogeologic concepts, exploration, drilling, aquifer testing and management methods. John Wiley & Sons, 2017.
M. L. Calvache and A. Pulido-Bosch, “Effects of geology and human activity on the dynamics of salt-water intrusion in three coastal aquifers in southern Spain,” Environ. Geol., vol. 30, no. 3–4, pp. 215–223, 1997.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 (CC BY SA) International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See the Effect of Open Access).