Decorative Flame Behavior Study in Visualizing Wavelengths and Frequency: Ruben's Tube Construction Experiment

  • Ahmad T. Jameel Directorate of Education Najaf
  • Mohammed R. Al-Qasaab AL-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University
  • Jameel Al-Naffakh AL-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University
Keywords: Dancing Flame, Ruben's Tube, Standing Wave, Music, Nodes and Antinodes

Abstract

Sound waves are very frequent in everyday life, although they are never seen. The particles of the average vibrations are parallel to the direction of propagation of the wave. In this article, the effect of changing the frequency of the sound wave on standing waves was investigated with different hertz frequencies to show technical images that can be visually translated to give fundamental predictions about the origin of the musical combinations, as it was proved that the sound is a pressure wave by giving the vibrations one side while the gas is released the other side. To obtain accurate results, the variables were fixed in the experiment as the type of gas supplied for the same experiments. It is also installed so that the distance between the diaphragm and the amplifier does not differ. The results analyzed after numerous data collection and calculations verify that the generated wavelength and frequency are directly proportional. As the frequency specified in Hz increased, the number of inverse nodes and nodes also increased. Obtaining standing waves helps to understand the nature of sound as a pressure wave, and to give all the details about the experiment and evaluate it. Sources of error and possible solutions to overcome these problems are also mentioned.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

S. Candel, D. Durox, T. Schuller, P. Palies, J. F. Bourgouin, and J. P. Moeck, “Progress and challenges in swirling flame dynamics,” Comptes Rendus - Mec., vol. 340, no. 11–12, pp. 758–768, 2012, doi: 10.1016/j.crme.2012.10.024.

J. Yang, F. M. S. Mossa, H. W. Huang, Q. Wang, R. Woolley, and Y. Zhang, “Oscillating flames in open tubes,” Proc. Combust. Inst., vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 2075–2082, 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2014.07.052.

S. Salauddin, P. Nalajala, and B. Godavarth, “Sound fire extinguishers in space stations,” in 2016 International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, and Optimization Techniques (ICEEOT), 2016, pp. 3454–3457, doi: 10.1109/ICEEOT.2016.7755345.

Z. Bochn icek and P. Konecny, “Thermal sensitive foils in physics experiments,” Phys. Educ., vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 419–424, 2014, doi: 10.1088/0031-9120/49/4/419.

G. W. Ficken and F. C. Stephenson, “Rubens flame‐tube demonstration,” Phys. Teach., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 306–310, 1979.

D. Jihui and C. T. P. Wang, “Demonstration of longitudinal standing waves in a pipe revisited,” Am. J. Phys., vol. 53, no. 11, pp. 1110–1112, 1985.

G. F. Spagna Jr, “Rubens flame tube demonstration: A closer look at the flames,” Am. J. Phys., vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 848–850, 1983.

H. A. Daw, “A two‐dimensional flame table,” Am. J. Phys., vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 733–737, 1987.

H. A. Daw, “The normal mode structure on the two‐dimensional flame table,” Am. J. Phys., vol. 56, no. 10, pp. 913–915, 1988.

S. T. S. S. R. Salim, “A Review on Ruben’s Tube as Acoustic Propagator,” Int. J. Automot. Mech. Eng., vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 6025–6033, 2018.

H. Rubens and O. Krigar‐Menzel, “Flammenröhre für akustische Beobachtungen,” Ann. Phys., vol. 322, no. 6, pp. 149–164, 1905.

H. Rubens, “DemonstrationstehenderSchallwellendurch Manometerflammen,” Verhandlungen der Dtsch. Phys., vol. 30, pp. 351–354, 1904.

K. L. Gee, “The Rubens tube,” in Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics 158ASA, 2009, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 25003.

A. G. Mount, “Visualizing Music Theory with a Rubens Tube,” Florida State Univ. Libr., vol. 12, pp. 55–58, 2019.

A. L. Kumar, F. Alsumairi, B. Chin, R. Drevno, and M. Knickerbocker, “Imaging Flames using a Rubens Tube,” Univ. Color. Boulder J., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 211–217, 2019.

Yourtvlies, “The Rubens’ Tube: Soundwaves in Fire!,” https://instructables.com/, 2005. https://www.instructables.com/The-Rubens--Tube:- Soundwaves-in-Fire!/ (accessed Apr. 01, 2021).

H. A. Daw, “Art on a two-dimensional flame table,” MIT Press, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 63–65, 2016.

M. Raghu, “A Study to Explore the Effects of Sound Vibrations on Consciousness,” Int. J. Soc. Work Hum. Serv. Pract., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 75–88, 2018.

Published
2021-08-12
How to Cite
[1]
A. T. Jameel, M. R. Al-Qasaab, and J. Al-Naffakh, “Decorative Flame Behavior Study in Visualizing Wavelengths and Frequency: Ruben’s Tube Construction Experiment”, Int. J. Environ. Eng. Educ., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 41-47, Aug. 2021.
Section
Research Article