Environmental Governance Urban: Public Participation and Sustainable Development
Environmental protection and management are carried out based on the principle of state responsibility, sustainability and sustainability, harmony and balance, integration, benefits, prudence, justice, ecoregion, biodiversity, participatory, local wisdom, good governance, and regional autonomy. The purpose of the research is to find out how much influence obtained between the variables of participation in sustainable development and indicators on these variables in environmental management in urban areas. The study was conducted in Makassar City in 2017-2018 with questionnaires and interviews as instruments to obtain primary data. The number of samples used was 200 respondents. With variables consisting of participation and sustainable development, then the indicator includes of (1) Thought Contribution; (2) Contributions of Funds; (3) Energy Contributions and (4) Contributions of Facilities for participation variables and (1) Culture - Ecology Interface; (2) Culture - Economy Interface; and (3) Economy - Ecology Interface for sustainable development. The analysis used is Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and to manage primary data with CFA, the help of IBM AMOS 23 Software used. The results of the study show that community participation in the development of business entities and waste banks is to encourage public involvement to the lowest level. To support environmental sustainability at the local level this, form of participation. From such things that make a significant influence between community participation in the development of environmental sustainability.
 R. Goodland, “The concept of environmental sustainability,” Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 1–24, 1995.
 H. E. Aldrich and J. Pfeffer, “Environments of organizations,” Annu. Rev. Sociol., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 79–105, 1976.
 P. Groffman and G. E. Likens, Integrated regional models: Interactions between humans and their environment. Springer Science & Business Media, 2012.
 D. B. Botkin and E. A. Keller, Environmental science: earth as a living planet., no. Ed. 2. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 1998.
 H. Sanoff, Community participation methods in design and planning. John Wiley & Sons, 2000.
 H. Elcock, Local government: Policy and management in local authorities. Routledge, 2013.
 J. E. Stiglitz, “Government failure vs. market failure: Principles of regulation,” Gov. Mark. Towar. a new theory Regul., pp. 13–51, 2010.
 J. F. Warner, “More sustainable participation? Multi-stakeholder platforms for integrated catchment management,” Water Resour. Dev., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 15–35, 2006.
 D. Berman, Local Government and the States: Autonomy, Politics and Policy: Autonomy, Politics and Policy. Routledge, 2015.
 Koivisto, Marketta., Factors influencing environmentally responsible behavior in the Finnish service sector. Helsinki: Teknillinen korkeakoulu, 2008.
 J. Paavola, “Institutions and environmental governance: a reconceptualization,” Ecol. Econ., vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 93–103, 2007.
 and W. W. F. International Union for Conservation of Nature, World conservation strategy: Living resource conservation for sustainable development. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN, 1980.
 I. L. Heckmann and S. G. Huneryager, Human Relations in Management: Text and Readings. South-western Publishing Company, 1960.
 M. Munasinghe, Environmental economics and sustainable development, vol. 3. World Bank Publications, 1993.
 C. Ordóñez and P. N. Duinker, “Interpreting sustainability for urban forests,” Sustainability, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1510–1522, 2010.
 Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Roma: Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, 1995.
 I. Moffatt, N. Hanley, and M. D. Wilson, Measuring and modelling: sustainable development. Parthenon Publishing Group Inc., 2001.
 G. Heal, Valuing the Future: Economic Theory and Sustainability. Columbia University Press, 2000.
 J. Pezzey, “Sustainability: an interdisciplinary guide,” Environ. Values, pp. 321–362, 1992.
 M. A. Zimmerman, “Empowerment theory,” in Handbook of community psychology, Springer, 2000, pp. 43–63.
 M. Pelling, “Participation, social capital and vulnerability to urban flooding in Guyana,” J. Int. Dev., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 469–486, 1998.
 B. Agarwal, “Participatory exclusions, community forestry, and gender: An analysis for South Asia and a conceptual framework,” World Dev., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1623–1648, 2001.
 P. Oakley, Projects with people: The practice of participation in rural development. Geneva: International Labour Organization, 1991.
 D. Conyers, “Decentralization: The latest fashion in development administration?” Public Adm. Dev., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 97–109, 1983.
 R. C. Angell, “The growth of transnational participation,” J. Soc. Issues, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 108–129, 1967.
 Bordens, Kenneth S. and Abbott, Bruce B., Research Design and Methods: A Process Approach, 9th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2014.
 J. W. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Method Approaches, 4th ed. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications, Inc., 2014.
 A. M. Friend, “Economics, ecology and sustainable development: are they compatible?” Environ. Values, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 157–170, 1992.
 J. W. Creswell and V. L. P. Clark, Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research, 3rd ed. Beverly Hills, CA: SAGE Publications, 2018.
 R. H. Hoyle, Structural Equation Modeling: Concepts, Issues, and Applications. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications, Inc., 1995.
 J. F. Hair, W. C. Black, B. J. Babin, and R. E. Anderson, Multivariate Data Analysis, 7th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson New International Edition, 2014.
 L. F. DiLalla, “Structural equation modeling: Uses and issues,” Handb. Appl. Multivar. Stat. Math. Model., pp. 439–464, 2000.
 K. G. Jöreskog and D. Sörbom, LISREL 8: Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language. Scientific Software International, 1993.
 G. D. Garson, Partial Least Squares: Regression & structural equation modeling. Asheboro, USA: Statistical Publishing Associates, 2016.
 B. Wheaton, B. Muthen, D. F. Alwin, and G. F. Summers, “Assessing reliability and stability in panel models,” Social. Methodol., vol. 8, pp. 84–136, 1977.
 E. G. Carmines, “Analyzing models with unobserved variables,” Soc. Meas. Curr. issues, vol. 80, 1981.
 R. E. Schumacher and R. G. Lomax, A Beginner’s Guide to Structural Equation Modeling: Third Edition, 3rd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2010.
 J. S. Tanaka and G. J. Huba, “A general coefficient of determination for covariance structure models under arbitrary GLS estimation,” Br. J. Math. Stat. Psychol., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 233–239, 1989.
 J. H. Steiger and J. C. Lind, “Statistically based tests for the number of common factors,” in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychometric Society, May 1980, 1980.
 M. W. Browne and R. Cudeck, “Alternative ways of assessing model fit,” Sage Focus Ed., vol. 154, p. 136, 1993.
 L. J. Williams and E. O’Boyle Jr, “The myth of global fit indices and alternatives for assessing latent variable relations,” Organ. Res. Methods, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 350–369, 2011.
 F. Chen, P. J. Curran, K. A. Bollen, J. Kirby, and P. Paxton, “An empirical evaluation of the use of fixed cutoff points in RMSEA test statistic in structural equation models,” Social. Methods Res., vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 462–494, 2008.
 L. R. Tucker and C. Lewis, “A reliability coefficient for maximum likelihood factor analysis,” Psychometrika, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 1973.
 P. M. Bentler and L. T. Hu, “Evaluating model fit,” in Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications, Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 1995, pp. 76–99.
 P. M. Bentler, “SEM with simplicity and accuracy,” J. Consum. Psychol., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 215–220, 2010.
 T. A. Brown, Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York: Guilford Publications, 2014.
 L. Hu and P. M. Bentler, “Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives,” Struct. Equ. Model. a Multidiscip. J., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–55, 1999.
 R. P. McDonald and H. W. Marsh, “Choosing a multivariate model: Noncentrality and goodness of fit.,” Psychol. Bull., vol. 107, no. 2, p. 247, 1990.
 K. A. Bollen, “A new incremental fit index for general structural equation models,” Social. Methods Res., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 303–316, 1989.
 L. James, S. Mulaik, and J. M. Brett, Causal analysis: Assumptions, models, and data. Beverly Hills: Sage publications, 1982.
 M. S. Khine, L. C. Ping, and D. Cunningham, Application of Structural Equation Modeling in Educational Research and Practice: Contemporary Approaches to Research, 7th ed. Rotterdam, Netherlands: Sense Publishers, 2013.
 E. C. Arch, “Affective control efficacy as a factor in willingness to participate in a public performance situation,” Psychol. Rep., vol. 71, no. 3_suppl, pp. 1247–1250, 1992.
 J. Newig, “Does public participation in environmental decisions lead to improved environmental quality? towards an analytical framework,” Commun. Coop. Particip. (International J. Sustain. Commun., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 51–71, 2007.
 C. Rodriguez, Fissures in the mediascape: An international study of citizens’ media. Hampton Press (NJ), 2001.
 B. Girard, A passion for radio: Radio waves and community, vol. 178. Black Rose Books Ltd, 1992.
 J. D. H. Downing, Radical media: Rebellious communication and social movements. Sage, 2000.
 M. McLuhan, Understanding media: The extensions of man. MIT Press, 1994.
 F. Cleaver, Masculinities matter! Men, gender and development. Zed Books, 2002.
 A. Maiello, A. C. Christovão, A. L. Nogueira de Paiva Britto, and M. Frey, “Public participation for urban sustainability: investigating relations among citizens, the environment and institutions–an ethnographic study,” Local Environ., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 167–183, 2013.
 G. D. Brewer and P. C. Stern, Decision making for the environment: Social and behavioral science research priorities. National Academies Press Washington, DC, 2005.
 G. De Roo, Environmental planning in the Netherlands: too good to be true: from command-and-control planning to shared governance. Routledge, 2017.
 M. P. Torado, “Economic developing in the third world.” Longman Group UK Limited, Harlow, England, 1989.
 I. Borowy, Defining sustainable development for our common future: A history of the World Commission on Environment and Development (Brundtland Commission). Routledge, 2013.
 L. J. Carry, Community Development as a Process. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1995.
 D. D. Chiras, “Environmental Science–Action for a Sustainable Future. Redwood City.” The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, 1991.
 M. Marmot, J. Allen, R. Bell, E. Bloomer, and P. Goldblatt, “WHO European review of social determinants of health and the health divide,” Lancet, vol. 380, no. 9846, pp. 1011–1029, 2012.
Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Environment, Engineering & Education
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 (CC BY SA) International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See the Effect of Open Access).