Application of E-Learning Based on Enriched Virtual Model in the Subject Database

  • Fitria Fitria Universitas Negeri Makassar
  • Ruslan Ruslan Universitas Negeri Makassar
  • Muhammad Yusuf Mappeasse Universitas Negeri Makassar
Keywords: Development, E-learning, Enriched Virtual Model, ISO/IEC 25010


The study aims to discover the quality of e-learning based on Enriched Virtual model in database subject in the Computer and Informatics Engineering Study Program uses the ISO/IEC 25010 software quality metric method on the aspects of external quality and quality in use. The development model used in this study was adapted from Borg and Gall development model, consisting of 8 stages, namely, (1) Research and information collecting (initial research and information gathering), (2) Planning, (3) Develop preliminary form of product, (4) Preliminary field testing, (5) Main product revision, (6) Main field testing, (7) Final product revision, and (8) Final product. The subjects in this study were 74 students of Computer and Informatics Engineering Education Study Program. Data were collected through interview, observation, and questionnaire techniques. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis techniques and software quality metric methods ISO/IEC 25010. Based on the results of the study, e-learning based on Enriched Virtual model is produced in the database subject. The product developed has fulfilled all aspects of development. Media and material validation are in very good category, while the student’s responses are in good category. The results of software quality testing using the quality metric method concludes that the final value of external quality is 0.45 and which is in medium category.


G. Marchionini, “Human–information interaction research and development,” Libr. Inf. Sci. Res., vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 165–174, 2008.

T. X. Hammes, “Fourth generation warfare evolves, fifth emerges,” Mil. Rev., vol. 87, no. 3, p. 14, 2007.

D. Holmes, Communication theory: Media, technology and society. Sage, 2005.

G. Goggin, G. Newell, and C. Newell, Digital disability: The social construction of disability in new media. Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.

N. Gane and D. Beer, New media: The key concepts. Berg, 2008.

Y. Lee, “An empirical investigation into factors influencing the adoption of an e‐learning system,” Online Inf. Rev., 2006.

R. Kern, “Perspectives on technology in learning and teaching languages,” Tesol Q., vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 183–210, 2006.

A. Isman, “Instructional Design in Education: New Model.,” Turkish Online J. Educ. Technol., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 136–142, 2011.

D. Nix and R. J. Spiro, Cognition, education, and multimedia: Exploring ideas in high technology. Routledge, 1990.

F. Belanger and D. H. Jordan, Evaluation and Implementation of Distance Learning: Technologies, Tools and Techniques: Technologies, Tools and Techniques. IGI Global, 1999.

A. Hermanto, “Integration of EA and IT service to improve performance at higher education organizations,” in MATEC Web of Conferences, 2018, vol. 154, p. 3008.

Y. Ghilay, “Effectiveness of learning management systems in higher education: Views of Lecturers with different levels of activity in LMSs,” Ghilay, Y.(2019). Eff. Learn. Manag. Syst. High. Educ. Views Lect. with Differ. Levels Act. LMSs. J. Online High. Educ., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 29–50, 2019.

M. Akrim, “Media learning in digital era,” in 2018 3rd International Conference on Education, Sports, Arts and Management Engineering (ICESAME 2018), 2018, pp. 458–460.

R. Susanto, Y. A. Rozali, and N. Agustina, “Development of pedagogical competency models for elementary school teachers: Pedagogical knowledge, reflective ability, emotional intelligence and instructional communication pattern,” Univers. J. Educ. Res., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 2032–2124, 2019.

M. W. Allen, Michael Allen’s Guide to E-Learning: Building Interactive, Fun, and Effective Learning Programs for Any Company. Wiley, 2013.

D. R. Garrison, E-Learning in the 21st Century: A Framework for Research and Practice. Taylor & Francis, 2011.

M. Armstrong-Hansche and N. MacQueen, Workshop Rotation: A New Model for Sunday School. Presbyterian Publishing Corporation, 2013.

J. G. Cibulka and B. S. Cooper, Technology in School Classrooms: How It Can Transform Teaching and Student Learning Today. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2017.

M. Deepa, P. Reba, G. Santhanamari, and N. Susithra, “Enriched Blended Learning through Virtual Experience in Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Course,” J. Eng. Educ. Transform., vol. 34, pp. 642–650, 2021.

M. B. Horn and H. Staker, The Blended Workbook: Learning to Design the Schools of our Future. Wiley, 2017.

S. K. S. Cheung, R. Li, K. Phusavat, N. Paoprasert, and L. F. Kwok, Blended Learning. Education in a Smart Learning Environment: 13th International Conference, ICBL 2020, Bangkok, Thailand, August 24–27, 2020, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, 2020.

W. W. Lee and D. L. Owens, Multimedia-based instructional design: computer-based training, web-based training, distance broadcast training, performance-based solutions. John Wiley & Sons, 2004.

Kemendikbud, Panduan Penyelenggaraan Pembelajaran Semester Gasal 2020/2021 di Perguruan Tinggi. 2020.

M. D. Gall, W. R. Borg, and J. P. Gall, Educational research: An introduction. Longman Publishing, 1996.

M. C. Bocarnea, Online Instruments, Data Collection, and Electronic Measurements: Organizational Advancements: Organizational Advancements. IGI Global, 2012.

D. Colton and R. W. Covert, Designing and constructing instruments for social research and evaluation. John Wiley & Sons, 2007.

J. A. Maxwell, “The validity and reliability of research: A realist perspective,” BERA/SAGE Handb. Educ. Res., vol. 1, pp. 116–141, 2017.

S. Messick, “Standards of validity and the validity of standards in performance asessment,” Educ. Meas. Issues Pract., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 5–8, 1995.

S. Messick, “Validity of test interpretation and use.,” 1990.

I. O. for Standardization, Systems and Software Engineering: Systems and Software Quality Requirements and Evaluation (SQuaRE): Measurement of System and Software Product Quality. ISO, 2016.

R. Pressman, “Software process impediment,” IEEE Softw., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 16–17, 1996.

A. Ginige and S. Murugesan, “Web engineering: An introduction,” IEEE Multimed., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 14–18, 2001.

X. Franch and J. P. Carvallo, “Using quality models in software package selection,” IEEE Softw., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 34–41, 2003.

S. McConnell, Code complete: A practical handbook of software construction, 2nd ed. Redmond, WA, USA.: Microsoft Press, 2004.

M. J. Rosenberg and R. Foshay, “E‐learning: Strategies for delivering knowledge in the digital age.” Wiley Online Library, 2002.

M. J. Rosenberg, Beyond e-learning: Approaches and technologies to enhance organizational knowledge, learning, and performance. John Wiley & Sons, 2005.

S. MacKinnon, “Technology Integration in the Classroom Is There Only One Way to Make It Effective?,” 2002.

How to Cite
F. Fitria, R. Ruslan, and M. Y. Mappeasse, “Application of E-Learning Based on Enriched Virtual Model in the Subject Database”, Int. J. Environ. Eng. Educ., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 32-40, Apr. 2021.
Research Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.