Analysis of Traffic Violations and Accidents with Enforcement: A Study in Jimma Town
The level of enforcement of road traffic laws plays a significant role in reducing traffic accidents, especially pedestrians, who are more than a fifth of the 1.24 million people killed each year due to traffic accidents. For assessing traffic law enforcement, the registered traffic violation data for the years 2015-2017 were taken from the Traffic Police Department to describe the activities of traffic police personnel in enforcing traffic laws. The violations were categorized into four groups: -those related to driving, vehicle, parking, and others, and Traffic Law Enforcement into safety and other traffic law enforcement activities. The vehicles involved in the violations were categorized as cars, small load vehicles, motorcycles, Bajaj, etc. Traffic Police had registered 77 traffic law violations in the year 2015, 65 in the year 2016, and 86 in the year 2017. Driving violation was the highest registered violation in the three years, and it was slightly higher in 2017. The cars and small load vehicles categories were the highest registered vehicles in several violations within the three years. For motorized two-wheeled vehicles, the highest number of registered violations in the three years was the one related to driving. All vehicle-related and other violations were registered more commonly for cars in 2015 and 2016. Of the registered violations, the parking-related violation occurred only in 2017. Safety-related traffic law enforcement was 89.96% of the total traffic law enforcement activity.
World Health Organization, Global status report on road safety 2015. World Health Organization, 2015.
World Health Organization, “Pedestrian safety: a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners,” 2013.
Violence, Injury Prevention, & World Health Organization., Global status report on road safety: time for action. World Health Organization, 2009.
T. Özkan and T. Lajunen, “Person and environment: Traffic culture,” in Handbook of traffic psychology, Elsevier, 2011, pp. 179–192.
Ethiopian Road Transport Authority, “Total number of vehicles registered 2016.” Ethiopian Road Transport Authority, 2016.
N. P. Muhlrad and G. E & Yannis, “Road Safety Data, Collection, Transfer and Analysis DaCoTa. Deliverable 1.6: Final Report of WP1–road safety policy.,” 2015.
Central Statistical Agency, Statistical Report on Urban Employment-Unemployment Survey. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Central Statistical Agency of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, 2015.
V. Iragavarapu, D. Lord, and K. Fitzpatrick, “Analysis of injury severity in pedestrian crashes using classification regression trees,” 2015.
J. Damsere-Derry, B. E. Ebel, C. N. Mock, F. Afukaar, and P. Donkor, “Pedestrians’ injury patterns in Ghana,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 1080–1088, 2010.
K. A. Abay, “Examining pedestrian-injury severity using alternative disaggregate models,” Res. Transp. Econ., vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 123–136, 2013.
R. F. Moghaddam, R. T. Moghaddam, P. M. Khiavi, and A. M. Ghorbani, “Crash severity modeling in urban highways using backward regression method,” World Acad. Sci. Eng. Technol., vol. 60, pp. 223–228, 2009.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Copyright of the published article belongs to the authors and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 (CC BY SA) International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See the Effect of Open Access).